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GRE阅读词汇考察

2020-07-30 11:20

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  首先,新GRE阅读中出现了词汇题,即直接问你某个单词是什么意思。

  我们在看一道样题中公布的阅读题对于词汇是如何考查的:

  Questions 9 and 10 are based on the following reading passage.

  Scholarship on political newspapers and their editors is dominated by the view that as the United States grew, the increasing influence of the press led, ultimately, to the neutral reporting from which we benefit today. Pasley considers this view oversimplified, because neutrality was not a goal of early national newspaper editing, even when editors disingenuously stated that they aimed to tell all sides of a story. Rather, the intensely partisan ideol**ies represented in newspapers of the early republic led to a clear demarcation between traditional and republican values. The editors responsible for the papers' content ―especially those with republican agendas ―began to see themselves as central figures in the development of political consciousness in the United States.

  10. In the context in which it appears, "disingenuously" most nearly means

  A. insincerely

  B. guilelessly

  C. obliquely

  D. resolutely

  E. pertinaciously

  如果当年,我们总结的天真纯朴类的单词把握的比较好,如下:

  天真纯朴的

  ingenuous=guileless=naive=simple=artless=unsophisticated

  那么这道题,对于我们的同学来说就完全是送分题,对于GRE阅读能力整体偏弱的中国学生来说,这样的题目必须拿下。而拿下这些题目的最好手段,无疑就是按照我们在老GRE词汇班同样的强度来把握词汇。

  更为重要的是,从新老GRE的官方备考指导来看,GRE阅读考察共有13项能力,首当其冲的就是“understanding the meaning of individual words.” 显然,词汇量,是阅读理解的基础。经过研究新GRE的官方备考指导中的阅读文章可以得出结论,新GRE阅读中的词汇难度有了明显的上升,这种上升是由于老GRE中的类反单词进入文章和题目引起的。以下例子中可以反映出该结论。

  在新GRE的备考指导阅读中,有一篇2句话的文章。

  “a person who agrees to serve as mediator between two warring factions at the request of both abandons by so agreeing the right to take sides later. To take sides at a later point would be to suggest that the earlier presumptive impartiality was a sham.”

  若熟悉老GRE类反,马上可以联想到这些题:

  类比:intercessor: mediate= translator: interpret

  consensus: factionalism=expedition:foot-dragging

  反义:faction <> unity

  factional <> ecumenical

  factious <> cooperative

  debunk <> perpetuate to sham

  sham <> genuine

  同时我们注意到,下划线的词汇在阅读黄皮书中没有出现过。

  另外有一篇文章

  “Was Felix Mendelssohn(1809-1847) a great composer? On its face, the question seems absurd. One of the most gifted prodigies in the history of music, he produced his first masterpiece at sixteen. From then on, he was rec**nized as an artist of preternatural abilities, not only as a composer but also as a pianist and conductor. But Mendelssohn’s enduring popularity has often been at odds—sometimes quite sharply—with his critical standing. Despite general acknowledgement of his genius, there has been a noticeable reluctance to rank him with, say, Schumann or Brahms. As Haggin put it, Mendelssohn, as a composer, was a “minor master…working on a small scale of emotion and texture.”

  同样,老GRE中考到下划加粗词汇的类比反义题:

  类比:prodigy: person= miracle: occurrence

  反义:preternatural <> ordinary/prosaic

  最新热文推荐:

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  更详细的内容请点击:2020软科世界一流学科排名发布

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