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GRE年度报告:填空备考指导

2017-11-30 14:23

来源:GRE年度报告

作者:天津新东方 姜维东

  在GRE的Verbal Reasoning(文本推理)中,有两种题目形式叫Text Completion和Sentence Equivalence。由于其出题形式都是填空,故本文把两种题目合成叫做填空题。本篇文章将介绍填空的基本特征,出题原理及解题思路。

  >>>点击查看2017-2018GRE年度报告

  一、基本特征

  (一) 题目数量

  一个Verbal的section中总量有20题,其中填空占到10道,其余的10道题目是Reading Comprehension(阅读理解)。

  (二) 题目形式

  Text Completion中可以根据空格数量分成:单空题,双空题以及三空题。其中单空题有五个选项,选择一个正确答案;双空题和三空题均是每空三个选项,选择一个正确答案。举例如下:

  单空题

Early studies often concluded that the public was ______ the propagandistic influence of mass communications, but one recent study indicates that, on the contrary, mass communications seldom produce marked changes in social attitudes or actions.
(A) unaware of
(B) scornful of
(C) susceptible to
(D) unimpressed by
(E) coping with
(参见Official GRE VERBAL REASONING Practice Questions第58页第3题)

  双空题

The figure-skating pair’s convincing victory last week was particularly (i)______ to their rivals who were in peak form and complained privately about the judging. That the pair won when their rivals were (ii)______ too is also impressive.
Blank(i)
(A) unsurprising
(B) irksome
(C) gratifying
Blank(ii)
(D) terrific
(E) nervous
(F) inconsistent
(参见Official GRE VERBAL REASONING Practice Questions第58页第4题)

  三空题

The company’s efforts to improve safety were apparently (i)______, at least according to the company’s own data, which showed that the (ii)______ incidents with the potential to cause a serious accident declined significantly. Nevertheless, independent analysts argue that those statistics are (iii)______. These analysts maintain that the company has consistently underestimated both the probability and the likely effects of accidents in the sensitive and poorly understood environment in which the company is operating.
Blank(i)
(A) innovative
(B) successful
(C) frustrated 
Blank(ii)
(D) frequency of
(E) impediments to
(F) attention to 
Blank(iii)
(G) deceptive
(H) testable
(I) consistent
(参见Official GRE VERBAL REASONING Practice Questions第59页第7题)

  Sentence Equivalence题目有一个空格,选项有留个,要求从其中选择出两个使句子语义最终一致,或者说选出两个广义同义的选项。举例如下:

Parkin’s characterization of the movement as Neo-Scholastic is too ______ to be accepted without further investigation.
(A) cursory
(B) detailed
(C) perfunctory
(D) biased
(E) self-evident
(F) complete
(参见Official GRE VERBAL REASONING Practice Questions第86页第5题)
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