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如何破解GRE考试中最害怕的文学评论类长阅读

2017-06-22 10:46

来源:新东方北京学校

作者:高宇琪

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  》点击查看2017GRE备考全攻略

  GREVerbal中最具杀伤力的题目是什么?

  绝大部分同学脑海中会浮现出三个字:长阅读。

  长阅读以长达四五百字的篇幅,加上后面的四道题,对大部分同学来说是噩梦般的存在。

  一般课下同学们鼓起勇气读了一篇长文章,经常效果就是,花了半小时终于读完做完题(而半小时其实是整个Verbal section 20道题的考试时间……),然后发现能做对2道就谢天谢地了。而如果长文章的题材是——文学评论,天,那简直雪上加霜……据统计,中国同学最害怕的文章题材就是文学评论类(紧跟着的大概是天文和美国历史)。

  欢迎收看下面这篇在考试中出现过的长文章:(读到一半读不下去的话就直接看下面的讲解带着读吧)

  来自佛脚阅读part 2 机经部分的第92篇,如果没有下载佛脚阅读分册的同学可以在第二条推送里找链接。

  Despite winning several prestigious literary awards of the day, when it first appeared, Alice Walker’sThe Color Purple generated critical unease over puzzling aspects of its compositions. In what, as one reviewer put it, was “clearly intended to be a realistic novel,” many reviewers perceived violations of the conventions of the realistic novel form, pointing out variously that late in the book, the narrator-protagonist Celie and her friends are propelled toward a happy ending with more velocity than credibility, that the letters from Nettie to her sisterCelie intrude into the middle of the main action with little motivation or warrant, and that the device of Celie’s letters to God is especially unrealistic inasmuch as it forgoes the concretizing details that traditionally have given the epistolary novel (that is, a novel composed of letters) its peculiar verisimilitude: the ruses to enable mailing letters, the cache,and especially the letters received in return.

  Indeed, the violations of realistic convention are so flagrant that they might well call into question whether The Color of Purple is indeed intended to be a realistic novel, especially since there are indications that at least some of those aspects of the novel regarded by viewers as puzzling may constitute its links to modes of writing other than Anglo-European nineteenth-century realism. For example, Henry Louis Gates, Jr., has recently located the letters to God within an African American tradition deriving from slave narrative, a tradition in which the act of writing is linked to a powerful deity who “speaks” through scripture and bestows literacy as an act of grace. For Gates, the concern with finding a voice, which he sees as the defining feature of African American literature, links Celie’s letters with certain narrative aspects of Zora Neale Hurston’s 1937 novel Their Eyes Were Watching God, the acknowledged predecessor of The ColorPurple.

  Gates’s paradigm suggests how misleading it may be to assume that mainstream realist criteria are appropriate for evaluating The ColorPurple. But in his preoccupation with voice as a primary element unifying both the speaking subject and the text as a whole Gates does not elucidate many of the more conventional structural features of Walker’s novel. For instance, while the letters from Nettie clearly illustrate Nettie’s acquisition of her own voice, Gates’s focus on “voice” sheds little light on the placethat these letters occupy in the narrative or on why the plot takes this sudden jump into geographically and culturally removed surroundings. What is needed is an evaluative paradigm that, rather than obscuring such startling structural features (which may actually be explicitly intended to undermine traditional Anglo-European novelistic conventions), confronts them, thus illuminating the deliberately provocative ways in which The Color Purple departs from the traditional models to which it has been compared.

  The author of the passage would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about the letters from Nettie to Celie?

  A.They mark an unintended shift to geographically and culturally removed surroundings

  B.They may represent a conscious attempt to undermine certain novelistic conventions

  C.They are more closely connected to the main action of the novel than is at first apparent

  D.They owe more to the tradition of the slave narrative than do Celie’s letters to God

  E.They illustrate the traditional concretizing details of the epistolary novel form

  In the second paragraph, the author of the passage is primarily concerned with

  A.examining the ways in which The ColorPurple echoes its acknowledged predecessor, Their Eyes Were Watching God

  B.providing an example of a critic who has adequately addressed the structural features of The Color Purple

  C.suggesting that literary models other than the nineteenth-century realistic novel may inform our understanding of The Color Purple

  D.demonstrating the ineffectiveness of a particularly scholarly attempt to suggest an alternative way of evaluating TheColor Purple

  E.disputing the perceived notion that TheColor Purple departs from conventions of the realistic novel form

  According to the passage, an evaluative paradigm that confronts the startling structural features ofThe Color Purple would accomplish which of the following?

  A.It would adequately explain why many reviewers of this novel have discerned its connections to the realistic novel tradition

  B.It would show the ways in which this novel differs from its reputedAnglo-European nineteenth-century models

  C.It would explicate the overarching role of voice in this novel

  D.It would address the ways in which this novel echoes the central themes of Hurston’sTheir Eyes Are Watching God

  E.It would reveal ways in which these structural features serve to parody novelistic conventions

  The author of the passage suggests that Gates is most like the reviewers mentioned in the first paragraph in which of the following ways?

  A.He points out discrepancies between TheColor Purple and other traditional epistolary novels

  B.He sees the concern with finding a voice as central to both The Color Purple and Their Eyes Are Watching God

  C.He assumes that The Color Purple is intended to be a novel primarily in the tradition of Anglo-American nineteenth-century realism

  D.He does not address many of the unsettling structural features of The Color Purple

  E.He recognizes the departure of The Color Purple from traditional Anglo-European realistic novel conventions.

  好的,看完了。相信你应该已经信了(微笑)。

  而且,你造吗,这样一篇文章在考试中只有8分钟来读。(此处应有心碎的声音)

  好了,如果你尝试了做题,会发现,即使你回去找到了文章中具体讲这个东西的位置,你也很难选出来一个选项。因为GRE阅读考察的并不是你能读懂某一句话或者它附近的几句,然后识别出选项中它的同义改写的能力——这是托福阅读考的事。我们要考点复杂的。

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