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用视角分层定位突破GRE阅读理解

2017-06-15 10:10

来源:够了GRE长难句

作者:高宇琪

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  不少GRE考生会觉得GRE阅读难有突破,要么读不懂文章,要么读懂了文章做不对题,那么问题到底出在哪里呢?新东方网GRE频道与大家分享北京新东方高宇琪老师带来的GRE阅读视角解析,希望对各位掌握GRE阅读有所帮助。

  在讲GRE阅读视角之前,我们的风格就是简单粗暴地先来读一篇高频GRE阅读文章:

  Pueblo Bonito, the most impressive of the “great houses” at the prehistoric Chaco Canyon site in New Mexico, comprised over 600rooms and 4 to 5 stories. Traditional interpretations have viewed the great houses as almost entirely residential, with some archaeologists estimating the population of Pueblo Bonito at 1,200. But Windes recently challenged this view by pointing out the paucity of hearths recorded during the excavation of PuebloBonito, which revealed only 3 upper-story hearths, in contrast to 59ground-floor hearths: habituation rooms would have required hearths for cooking and heat. It is possible, however, that the collapse of upper-story floor disturbed evidence of upper-story hearths to such an extent that they were not revealed by early excavations such as those conducted by Pepper’s field crews in the 1890s and Judd’s in the 1920s. Additionally, reliance on room features for early population estimates is complicated by the Chacoan’s later remodeling, especially given Judd’s disinclination to destroy later structures and features to expose earlier ones. The failure of early excavations to strip off intact floors may have concealed evidence of hearths in upper-story rooms.

  按视角文章分了三层。

  第一层:传统观点认为PB(Pueblo Bonito)全是住人的。

  第二层:但是Windes不这么认为,因为考古挖掘出来的Hearth少(hearth是住人所必须的)。

  第三层:作者说,但是有可能是hearth的证据被各种因素破坏了。

  文章都读了我们来做一道题吧。

  It can be inferred from the passage that Windes would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about room usage in Pueblo Bonito?

  A. Upper-story rooms were rarely used as storage areas.

  B. Rooms that were remodeled were most likely to have been residential rooms.

  C. The majority of residential rooms were located on the ground floor.

  D. Early excavations of Pueblo Bonito disturbed much of the evidence indication room usage.

  E. Upper-story rooms with hearths were probably used for different purposes than were lower-story rooms with hearths.

  所以你选了什么呢?就上课大家做题的情况来看,这道题的正确率大概在30%。

  而其实这道题应该是可以轻松答对的,而且非常迅速~

  为什么呢?

  因为题干问的是Windes的观点,可以直接定位到第二层(其实就只有一句……),一三两层都不是Windes说的啊。那看到B选项的remodel,D选项的disturb直接就可以排除了,这都是作者在第三层提到的;A选项说上层很少用于storage,而第二层说上层hearth少,应该是很少用于habituation,根本没有提到storage;E选项是大家最容易错选的选项,因为文章中对比了上层和下层,但是注意,文章中只对比了上层和下层hearth的数量,并没有比较上层有hearth的房间和下层有hearth的房间用途不同(在Windes看来,hearth就是标志着房间用来居住)。最终选的是C选项,大部分用于居住的房间都在底层,因为大部分的hearth都在底层(在Windes看来,hearth就是标志着房间用来居住)。

  所以注意视角很重要,它会帮助我们减少在错误选项上徘徊的时间,提高了做题的速度,更排除了在错误选项上细细揣摩以至于被绕进去了的可能性。

  作者简介

新东方高宇琪

  高宇琪,北京新东方学校GRE项目组阅读教研组长,《GRE长难句图解与精练》一书的作者。毕业于中国人民大学精算专业,大二参加GRE考试击败全球96%的考生,教学以来多次获得337、336等高分。带出多名高分考生,包括两位获得GRE满分的学生

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