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96年10月GRE出国考试填空题真题详细解答

2011-09-29 17:19

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  96年10月GRE出国考试填空题真题详细解答

  1.【中文释义】

  由于被研究的猴子习惯了人的存在,所以他们通常会忽略人的观察而我行我素。

  【解题分析】

  第二个空格后第三个单词and是个小连接,and后的go about their business是“旁若无 人, 我行我素 ”的意思,所以and前应为同样的含义,答案b为disregard human observers, 即为旁若无人之意。

  【重点词条】

  am.biv.a.lence n 1: simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings (as attraction and

  repulsion) toward an object, person, or action 2 a: continual fluctuation (as between one thing and its opposite) b: uncertainty as to which approach to follow —— am.biv.a.lent adj —— am.biv.a.lent.ly adv

  in.hib.it vb. 1: to prohibit from doing something 2 a: to hold in check: restrain b: to discourage from free or spontaneous activity esp. through the operation of inner psychological impediments or of social controls ~ vi: to cause inhibition syn see forbid —— in.hib.i.tive adj —— in.hib.i.to.ry adj

  2.【中文释义】

  考虑到她以前表达过的兴趣以及最近演讲中的雄心勃勃的语调,这位议员试图使公众确信她对

  第二届连任不感兴趣的企图就徒劳无功。

  【解题分析】

  Given在句首表原因,此句的因果关系非常的明显。如果given在句尾,则往往表示条件,请参照93年4月section4的2。

  【重点词条】

  Ambitious 1 a: having or controlled by ambition b: having a desire to achieve a particular goal: aspiring 2: resulting from, characterized by, or showing ambition —— am.bi.tious.ly adv —— am.bi.tious.ness n

  Futile 1: serving no useful purpose: completely ineffective 2: occupied with trifles: frivolous —— fu.tile.ly adv —— fu.tile.ness n

  syn futile, vain, fruitless mean producing no result. futile may connote completeness of failure or unwisdom of undertaking . vain usu. implies simple failure to achieve a desired result . fruitless comes close to vain but often suggests long and arduous effort or severe disappointment .

  Authentic 1 obs: authoritative 2 a: worthy of acceptance or belief as conforming to or based on fact b: conforming to an original so as to reproduce essential features c: made or done the same way as an original <~ Mexican fare> 3: not false or imitation: real, actual 4 a of a church mode: ranging upward from the keynote——compare plagal 1 b of a cadence: progressing from the dominant chord to the tonic——compare plagal 2 5: true to one's own personality, spirit, or character —— au.then.ti.cal.ly adv —— au.then.tic.i.ty n

  syn authentic, genuine, bona fide mean being actually and exactly what is claimed. authentic implies being fully trustworthy as according with fact ; it can also stress painstaking or faithful imitation of an original . genuine implies actual character not counterfeited, imitated, or adulterated ; it also connotes definite origin from a source . bona fide implies good faith and sincerity of intention .

  3.【中文释义】

  很多她的支持者继续忠实于她,即使是那些反对她的领导的人也不敢肯定在现在的混乱中替换

  她是否正确。

  【解题分析】

  Remain 是主体词,该题是remain两种考法中的第二种,在remain前找一词填到其后即可,在其前面的四个单词many, of, her, followers中当然选followers. 此处只不过需要词性变化一下而已。与支持者followers最吻合的形容词是c的loyal.

  4.【中文释义】

  和许多最近对贝多芬钢琴奏鸣曲的演绎不一样,这位独奏家的表演是欢快自由和内省的

  风格;但是,看起来似乎矛盾的是,他的演绎却一点没有失控。

  【解题分析】

  分号上半句中很明显判断词free and introspective 是主体词,所以下半句转折就应针对free and introspective来进行。free的反义词为e的controlled. 解题时不必拘泥于introspective这个音乐专业词汇,既然introspective和free为并列的小连接,那么只需找free的反义词即可。事实上introspective的专业词意即为内心独白的,自由奔放的,即兴发挥的。需要强调的是b的exuberant也有类似的专业词义。

  【重点词条】

  introspective : a reflective looking inward: an examination of one's own thoughts and feelings —— in.tro.spect vb —— in.tro.spec.tion.al adj —— in.tro.spec.tive adj —— in.tro.spec.tive.ly adv —— in.tro.spec.tive.ness n

  

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