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GRE模拟试题:美国研究生入学考试试题(二)

2011-11-25 18:42

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  GRE模拟试题:美国研究生入学考试试题(二)

  SECTION2

  Time——30minutes

  25Questions

  Question1——7

  Inagame,exactlysixinvertedcupsstandsidebysideinastraightline,andeachhasexactlyoneballhidden

  underit.Thecupsarenumberedconsecutively1through6.Eachoftheballsispaintedasinglesolidcolor.

  Thecolorsoftheballsaregreen,magenta,orange,purple,red,andyellow.Theballshavebeenhiddeny

  nderthecupsinamannerthatconformstothefolowingconditions:

  Thepurpleballmustbehiddenunderalower-numberedcupthantheorangeball.Theredballmustbehiddenunderacupimmediatelyadjacenttothec upunder

  whichthemagentaballishidden.Thegreenballmustbehiddenundercup5.

  1.Whichofthefollowingcouldbecoloroftheballsunderthecups,inorderfrom1through6?

  (A)Green,yellow,magenta,red,purple,orange

  (B)Magenta,green,purple,red,orange,yellow

  (C)Magenta,red,purple,yellow,green,orange

  (D)Red,Purple,magenta,yellow,green,orange

  (E)Red,purple,magenta,yellow,green,orange

  2.Ifthemagentaballisundercup4,theredballmustbeundercup

  (A)1(B)2(C)3(D)4(E)5

  3.Aballofwhichoffollowingcolorscouldbeundercup6?

  (A)Green(B)Magenta(C)Purple(D)Red(E)Yellow

  4.Ifthepurpleballisundercup4,theorangeballmustbeundercup

  (A)1(B)2(C)3(D)5(E)6

  5.Whichofthefollowingmustbetrue?

  (A)Thegreenballisunderalower-numberedcupthanthegreenball.

  (B)Theorangeballisunderalower-numberedcupthanthegreenball.

  (C)Thepurpleballisunderalower-numberedcupthanthegreenball.

  (D)Thepurpleballisunderalower-numberedcupthantheredball.

  (E)Theredballisunderalower-numberedcupthantheyellowball.

  6.Iftheorangeballisundercup2,ballsofwhichofthefollowingcolorscouldbeundercupsimmediatelya djacenttoeachother?

  (A)Greenandmagenta

  (B)Greenandpurple

  (C)Orangeandyellow

  (D)Purpleandred

  (E)Redandyellow

  7.Ifthemagentaballisundercup1,ballsofwhichofthefollowingcolorsmustbeundercupsimmediatelyadja centtoeachother?

  (A)Greenandorange

  (B)Greenandyellow

  (C)Purpleandred

  (D)Purpleandyellow

  (E)Redandyellow

  8.Thecompanyshouldnotbeheldresponsibleforfailingtocorrectthecontrol-panelproblemthatcausedtheaccident.Althoughtheproblemhadbeenmentionedearlierinasafetyinspe ctor‘sreport,companiesreceivehundredsofreportsofsuchproblem,andIndustryStandardNo.42requiresa ctiononthoseproblemonlywhenanaccidentisforeseeable.

  Ifthesecondsentenceintheparagraphaboveisfactuallycorrect,theanswertowhichofthefollowingque stionsismostrelevantinhelpingtodeterminewhetherornotthecompanyviolatedIndustryStandardNo.42w henitfailedtocorrectthecontrol-panelproblem?

  (A)Wastheaccidentserious?

  (B)Wasthecontrol-panelproblemofatypethatisknowntoincidentthatanaccidentislikely?

  (C)Sincetheaccident,hasthecompanydoneaspecialsafetycheckonallcontrolpanels?

  (D)Didthesafetyinspectormentionmorethanoneprobleminthesamereport?

  (E)Howlongwasthecontrolpanelinusebeforetheproblemwasdiscovered?

  9.Riothamus,afifth-centurykingoftheBritons,wasbetrayedbyanassociate,foughtbravelyagainsttheGothsbutwasdefeated,anddisappearedmysteriously.

  Riothamus,matchalmostexactlythoseattributedtoKingArthur.Therefore,Riothamusmustbethehistoric almodelforthelegendaryKingArthur.

  Theargumentaboverequiresatleastoneadditionalpremise.Whichofthefollowingcouldbesucharequire dpremise?

  (A)ModernhistorianshavedocumentedtheactivitiesofRiothamusbetterthanthoseofanyotherfifth-centuryking.

  (B)ThestoriestoldaboutKingArthurarenotstrictlyfictitiousbutarebasedonahistoricalpersonandhistorical events.

  (C)Riothamus‘associatesweretheauthorsoftheoriginallegendsaboutKingArthur.

  (D)Legentsaboutthefifthcenturyusuallyembellishandromanticizetheactualconditionsofthelivesoffifth-centurynobility.

  (E)Posterityusuallyrememberslegendsbetterthanitrememberstheactualhistoricaleventsonwhichtheyar ebased.

  10.Aworldwidebanontheproductionofcertainozone-destroyingchemicalswouldprovideonlyanillusionofprotection.Quantitiesofsuchchemicals,alreadyprod uced,existascoolantsinmillionsofrefrigerators.Whentheyreachtheozonelayerintheatmosphere,theirac tioncannotbehalted.Sothereisnowaytopreventthesechemicalsfromdamagingtheozonelayerfurther.

  Whichofthefollowing,iftrue,mostseriouslyweakenstheargumentabove?

  (A)Itisimpossibletomeasurewithaccuracythequantityofozone-destroyingchemicalsthatexistascoolantsinrefrigerators.

  (B)Inmodernsocieties,refrigerationoffoodisnecessarytopreventunhealthyandpotentiallylife-threateningconditions.

  (C)Replacementchemicalsthatwillnotdestroyozonehavenotyetbeendevelopedandwouldbemoreexpens ivethanthechemicalsnowusedascoolantsinrefrigerators.

  (D)Evenifpeopleshouldgiveuptheuseofrefrigeration,thecoolantsalreadyinexistingrefrigeratorsareathrea ttoatmosphericozone.

  (E)Thecoolantsinrefrigeratorcanbefullyrecoveredattheendoftheusefullifeoftherefrigeratorsandreused.

  Question11——15

  Agovernmentisassigningeachofsixembassyofficeworkers——Farr,Golden,Hayakawa,Inserra,Jones,andKovacs——toembassies.Therearefourembassies.EmbassiesLandMarelocatedincountrieswithdryclimates,wher easembassiesPandTarelocatedincountrieswithhumidclimates.Theofficeworkersmustbeassignedac cordingtothefollowingrules:

  Eachembassymusthaveatleastoneoftheworkersassignedtoit.Atleastoneembassyinahumidclimatem usthaveatleasttwoworkersassigned

  toit.GoldencannotbeassignedtothesameembassyasKovacs.Inserramustbeassignedtanembassyina dryclimates.Jonesmustbeassignedtoanembassyinahumidclimate.11.Whichofthefollowingisanaccep tableassignmentoftheworkerstotheembassies?

  LMPT(A)Farr,GoldenInserra,KovacsHayakawaJones

  (B)Golden,KovacsInserraJonesFarr,Hayakawa

  (C)GoldenFarr,InserraKovacsJones,Hayakawa

  (D)JonesGolden,InserraHayakawaFarr,Kovacs

  (E)KovacsFarr,HayakawaInserraGolden,Jones

  12.WhichofthefollowingmustbeassignedeithertoembassyLortoembassyM?

  (A)Farr

  (B)Golden

  (C)Hayakawa

  (D)Inserra

  (E)Kovacs

  13.WhichofthefollowingCANNOTbetrue?

  (A)OneworkerisassignedtoL.

  (B)TwoworkersisassignedtoP.

  (C)TwoworkersareassignedtoL.

  (D)ThreeworkersareassignedtoM.

  (E)ThreeworkersareassignedtoT.

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